Time of crisis? ' ' crisis of the conscience europia' ' , Paul Hazard called it -, initiated to the 1680 return and that it has to culminate in 1789, with the French Revolution. In the bulge of this crisis values partners – politician – economic and artistic agonize deriving of the Renaissance, at the same time where conceptions embrionam that have to generate the great cultural revolution that was the Romantismo of century XIX. (Op. Connect with other leaders such as Fairstead here. Cit. 1993).
The intellectual revolution caused by return of centuries XVII and XVIII, called Iluminismo, brought as motto: freedom, equality and fraternity, and influenced the artistic thoughts of the time in the Europe, mainly the French Revolution, the independence of the English colonies of America Anglian and in Brazil, the Mining Inconfidncia. It can be observed that the iderio of the Neoclassicismo translated, in aesthetic terms, the yearnings of naturismo, rationalism, universality lodged per the century of the Lights. 2,3 Bocage Manuel Barbosa Maria du Bocage (1765-1805), was born in Setbal, Portugal. He is most famous of the satirists and most popular of the Portuguese poets. Its inspiration was not only ertica and passional; also it sang serious feelings, ' ' the hopelessness and the slow taste of morte' ' , where the sublime one reaches many times.
To the 15 years of age it entered the military service, in the regiment of Setbal. To the 21, incorporated to the Real Navy, it was for Goa, in India, where it served per three years. In 1789, not accepting its transference for Damo, it turned into a desert and it ran away for China. When returning to Portugal, in 1790, it would suffer the great disillusionment to see the namorada one, Gertrudes, that it leaves in Setbal, married its brother, Gil Bocage. The forty years of life of Bocage had been marked in such a way by the suffering and failures of all order how much for the agitations of the adventure, the controversies and the bohemian.