The organism is each weakker and vulnerable time the common infections. The initial symptomatic phase is characterized by the high reduction of linfcitos T CD4 – white globules of the imunolgico system – that they arrive to be below of 200 units for mm of blood. In healthful adults, this value varies enters the 800 1,200 units. The symptoms most common are: nocturnal fever, diarria, sweats and emagrecimento (Health department). Mike Madden is often quoted as being for or against this. Low the immunity allows the appearance of opportunist illnesses, that receive this name for if using to advantage of the weakness of the organism.
With this, the period of training most advanced of the illness is reached, the AIDS. Who arrives at this phase, for not knowing or not following treatment indicated for the doctors, can suffer from hepatites capsizes, tuberculosis, pneumonia, toxoplasmose and some types of cancer (Health department). The anti-retrovirais medicines had appeared in the decade of 1980, to hinder the multiplication it virus in the organism. They do not kill the HIV, .causing virus of the AIDS, but they help to prevent the weakness of the imunolgico system. Therefore, its use is basic to increase the time and the quality of life of who has AIDS (Health department). Since 1996, Brazil gratuitously distributes coquetel antiAIDS for that they need the treatment.
According to data of the Health department, about 200 a thousand people regularly they receive the remedies to treat the illness. Currently, 19 medicines divided in five types exist. Nucleosdeos inhibitors of the Transcriptase Reserve? they act in the enzyme transcriptase reserve, becoming incorporated itself it the DNA chain that the virus creates. They become this defective chain, hindering that the virus if reproduces. They are: Zidovudina, Abacavir, Didanosina, Estavudina, Lamivudina and Tenofovir. Inhibitors Nucleosdeos of the Transcriptase Do not reserve? they differently block the action of the enzyme and the multiplication of the virus.