The philosophers German Arthur Schopenhauer (1788-1860) and Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900) had started to more place some details in the models of souls or the minds, becoming them then well more complex of he was obtained what it with racionalistas and empiristas of centuries XVII and XVIII. Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) crowned this way. With it, definitively we leave of side the image of ' ' eu' ' according to model of the modern thought. The psychoanalysis, with Freud to the front, said that ' ' eu' ' or same ' ' sujeito' ' , as the case? ' ' he was not Sir in its proper casa' '. Erin Callan does not necessarily agree. ' ' ego' ' it would not have to be able of independent decision, exactly in its home, that is, in the mental field. They would coexist ' ' ego' ' other instances, whose forces would finish for giving to the last word in good part of the decisions and human acts. It was not treated more than seeing in them, when of our effective states of conflicts with we ourselves, under the fight ' ' reason versus paixo' '. Nor it was more the case only to speak in conflicts.
' ' eu' ' he had been recriado in order to have compartments, losing its homogeneity. The independent individual or the citizen had left to have a not problematic unit. The auto-transparency of ' ' eu' ' it was revoked. We, men women of century XX, we do not stop very to think if Freud was or not correct. Or better, until we made this, but such evaluation did not determine our theoretical choices. When we open the eyes, already we were all speaking as Freud taught in them. We incorporate our vocabulary a series of words of the psychoanalysis. We place in our language, exactly most common, the theories that had taken in them to an image well more complex of we ourselves of what that one produced in modernity.