The introductory books of Economy always starts for the segmentation of the Economy in two great groups. The macroeconomic group and the microeconomic one. important to understand such differentiation even so, the two groups are strong linked. The first one, says respect to the study of the economy, in a generalized manner collective. That is, it corresponds mainly to the study of as the economic agents in accordance with act the market in an including aspect. Thus, for the Macroeconomics, to be studied field will dedicate more the questions as tax of interests, unemployment and politics among others. As the group will focar, on the other hand, in consuming the individual agents of the market Centered) Currently two economic models in use in the world exist.
The economic model of market economy and of planned economy. In the planned economies, the State is responsible for ‘ ‘ gerncia’ ‘ of the production factors. Thus, it is in charge of the State to call how much of each good it is produced and the way as this will be divided enters the diverse agents in the society. This model, in decay currently, still is used in countries as Cuba, Coreia of the north and, in particular way, in China. The market economies, on the other hand, give on the other hand freedom so that its agents decide what to produce and what to buy its necessities in accordance with. Thus, even so it has laws and regulations to be followed, the agents take the proper same decisions on the basis of itself and in what the said market. In this way, they search certain balance enters offers and existing demand of the good. Market the word market has a economic direction of a group of salesmen and purchasers who negotiate a good in question.
In the market of goods and services, the forms of market, according to these three characteristics, are the following ones: Perfect competition: infinite number of firms, homogeneous product, and do not exist barriers to the entrance of firms; Monopoly: an only company, product without next substitutes, with barriers to the entrance of new firms; Monopolstica competition (or imperfect): innumerable companies, differentiated product, exempt access of firms to the market; Oligopoly: small number of companies who dominate the market, the products can homogeneous or be differentiated, with barriers to the entrance of new companies. Similarly, in the market of production factors, also we define the forms of market in perfect competition, imperfect competition, monopoly and oligopoly in the supply of insumos. 3. Types of market structure Perfect competition One characterizes for the existence of innumerable purchasers and salesmen, where no company obtains to have influence on the market price. The products elaborated they are homogeneous, being substitute perfect between itself as well as it exists complete information and knowledge on the price of the product on the part of the producers and the consumers.
It is the ideal model of market, therefore the entrance and the exit of firms in the market are free, that is, it does not have barriers. The entrepreneurs always maximize profit and the consumers maximize satisfaction. the consumers and salesmen have access to all information, without costs. Some examples next to the perfect competition are the producers of hortalias and the salesmen of picol in a leisure area. A characteristic of this market is that, in long stated period does not exist extra profits, but only the calls normal profits, that represent the implicit remuneration of the entrepreneur Monopoly Extreme case of basic classic structure. Situation of a market where competition does not exist in offers. The sector is constituted of an only firm, because an only producer exists that it carries through all the production, that is, situation where a company dominates the production or commerce of a raw material, product or service alone and that, therefore, can establish the price to the will.
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Parndote in a place any. It thinks by several seconds about your environment, in your surroundings where and when you realise the activity in which you want to be congruent: Place (where), people (with those who or in the presence of what people), objects, in which moment of the day or times (perhaps beams ” eso” once to the week or the month). A passage Gives the front. This it is the next level. It explores your conduct, your behavior that beams What these doing really? Which are your actions, movements, gestures, thoughts when developing that aspect or activity that you want to improve.
When you are ready, it takes another step to the front and thinks about your competitions is now tried to put the magnifying glass in your capacities and abilities: in how As these using? You are using all that you have or only one part of them? If for example we spoke of sales: Which are your strongpoints? What capacities you have distinguish to you of other salesmen? Another step Gives more and it thinks about your beliefs and values. Why beams that? What is what it motivates to you? What you create of the people who are to your around? What you find valuable of which beams? What is the important thing for you of that situation? Why beams what beams? Taking all along necessary to think about the answers Now, it takes a new step to the front and thinks about your own identity. Who you are your? What does unique (a) to you, special? Which is your mission in the life? How your activity (for example, the sales) is connected with your mission in the life? (for example it can be to help the people to solve some necessity) .